Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 128, Issue 1, pp 627–637 | Cite as

Structural, thermal kinetics and thermodynamics study of new mixed ligand zinc complexes

  • Niaz Muhammad
  • Muhammad Ikram
  • Sadia Rehman
  • Mohammad Ibrahim
  • Viola
  • Carola Schulzke


Two new zinc(II)-2-chlorophenylacetate complexes, {[Zn(2-Cl-C6H4CH2COO)2(Phen)](2-Cl-C6H4CH2COOH)2, 1 and [Zn(2-Cl-C6H4CH2COO)2(bipy)](2-Cl-C6H4CH2COOH)2, 2} with nitrogen donor ligands, 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy), were synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy and single crystal diffraction. Distorted octahedral geometry was confirmed in both complexes. The compounds were studied for the thermal stabilities using TG and DTA methods at different heating rates (283, 288 and 293 K min−1). It was found that both the complexes show the same trend in stabilities and thermally degrade in two stages. The apparent activation energies for each step of specific conversions were determined using the Doyle–Ozawa calculation method according to ICTAC recommendations. The calculated average activation energies for 1 were found to be 17.52/10.19 J mol−1 for the first and second stages of degradation, respectively. Similarly, for 2 corresponding values for the two-stage degradation were found to be 12.45 and 3.485 J mol−1. Determining the enthalpy value of the activation revealed an exergonic nature of the thermal degradation.


Zinc(II) carboxylate Mixed ligand complexes Crystal structure Thermal degradation studies Doyle–Ozawa method Kinetics Thermodynamic studies 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryAbdul Wali Khan UniversityMardanPakistan
  2. 2.Institut für BiochemieErnst-Moritz-Arndt Universität GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany

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