Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 1165–1169 | Cite as

Characterization of 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzophenone crystal grown by Bridgman technique

  • K. Aravinth
  • G. Anandha Babu
  • P. Ramasamy


The large size 12 mm diameter 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzophenone (4C3N) single crystal has been grown by using vertical Bridgman technique. The grown crystal was confirmed by Powder X-ray diffraction analysis. The crystalline perfection of the grown crystal was examined by high-resolution X-ray diffraction study. The cutoff wavelength of the grown crystal was analyzed by optical studies. The thermal property of the grown crystal was studied by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses. The fluorescence spectra of grown 4C3N single crystals exhibit emission peak at 575 nm. The microhardness measurements were used to analyze the mechanical property of the grown crystal. The laser-induced surface damage threshold for the grown crystal was measured using Nd:YAG laser.


Optical materials Organic compounds Crystal growth X-ray diffraction 



The authors are thankful to Dr. G. Bhagavannarayana, National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi for HRXRD studies, The authors are thankful to Prof. S. Kalainathan, VIT University, Vellore for the Laser damage threshold measurements.


  1. 1.
    Li Z, Wu B, Su G, Huang G. Crystal growth and optical properties of 4-aminobenzophenone. J Cryst Growth. 1997;171:506–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sangwal M, Kagawa H, Kakuta A, Kaji M, Saeki M, Namba Y. Blue light emission from a laser diode pumped ring resonator with an organic second-harmonic generation crystal of 8-(4′-acetylphenyl)-1,4-dioxa-8-azazpirol [4.5]decane. Appl Phys Lett. 1995;66:547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kannan V, Rakhikrishna R, Philip J, Brahadeeswaran S. Studies on thermophysical and mechanical properties of hydrazonium l-tartrate. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2014;116:339–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kannan V, Thirupugalmani K, Shanmugam G, Brahadeeswaran S. Synthesis, growth, thermal, optical, mechanical and dielectric studies of N-succinopyridine. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2014;115:731–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Madhurambal G, Ramasamy P, Anbusrinivasan P, Suganthi M, Vasudevan G, Mojumdar SC. The growth and characterization of 2-dinitro phenyl hydrazone of benzophenone and mixed crystals. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2008;94:45–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Madhurambal G, Ramasamy P, Anbusrinivasan P, Kavitha S, Vasudevan G, Mojumdar SC. Growth and characterization studies of 2-bromo-4-chloroacetophenone (BCAP) crystals. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2008;94:59–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sajan D, Joe H, Jayakumar VS, Zaleski J. Structural and electronic contributions to hyperpolarizability in methyl p-hydroxy benzoate. J Mol Struct. 2006;785:43–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bleay J, Hooper RM, Narang RS, Sherwood JN. The growth of single crystals of some organic compounds by the Czochralski technique and the assessment of their perfection. J Cryst Growth. 1978;43:589–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sherwood JN, Thomson SJ. Growth of single crystals of anthracene. J Sci Instrum. 1960;37:242–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Anandha Babu G, Thirupugalmani K, Ramasamy P, Ravikumar K. Crystal structure and characterization of a novel organic optical crystal: 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzophenone. Cryst Res Technol. 2009;44:561–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lal K, Bhagavannarayana G. A high-resolution diffuse X-ray scattering study of defects in dislocation-free silicon crystals grown by the float-zone method and comparison with Czochralski-grown crystals. J Appl Crystallogr. 1989;22:209–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Senthilkumar K, MoorthyBabu S, Bhagavannarayana G. Study of the influence of dopants on the crystalline perfection of ferroelectric glycine phosphite single crystals using high-resolution X-ray diffraction analysis. J Appl Crystallogr. 2011;44:313–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Batterman BW, Cole H. Dynamical diffraction of X-rays by perfect crystals. Rev Mod Phys. 1964;36:681–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bhagavannarayana G, Parthiban G, Meenakshisundaram S. An interesting correlation between crystalline perfection and second harmonic generation efficiency on KCl- and oxalic acid-doped ADP crystals. Cryst Growth Des. 2008;8:446–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wolf S, Tauber RN. Silicon processing for the VLSI era. Process technology, vol. 1. Sunset Beach: Lattice Press; 1986.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Willard HH, Merritt LL, Dean JA, Settle FA. Instrumental methods of analysis. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company; 1988. p. 513–5.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Onitsch EM. Über die Mikrohärte der Metalle. Mikroscopia. 1947;2:131.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jerome Das S, Gopinathan R. Growth and characterization of single crystal of lead bromochloride. Cryst Res Technol. 1992;21:17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cahoon JP, Broughton WH, Kutzuk AR. The determination of yield strength from hardness measurements. Metall Trans. 1971;2:1979.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSSN College of EngineeringKalavakkamIndia

Personalised recommendations