Structure and thermal stability of PMMA/MMT nanocomposites as denture base material
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Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites were prepared by in situ suspension polymerization. MMT was previously organically modified by three different intercalating agents: methacrylatoethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (DMC), dodecylamine (12CNH), and hexadecyl allyl ammonium chloride (HADC). The structures of the nanocomposites were investigated by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, while the interaction between PMMA and MMT was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The molecular mass of the extracted PMMA was measured by gel permeation chromatography. The thermal stability of PMMA/MMT nanocomposites was evaluated by thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry. The results indicated that PMMA/MMT nanocomposites were successfully prepared and the interaction between PMMA and MMT of PMMA/MMT–HADC nanocomposites was the strongest. The thermal stability of the nanocomposites was improved and found to be optimal for PMMA/MMT–HADC with T 10 increasing to 304 °C, 52 °C higher than that of neat PMMA.
KeywordsPMMA Nanocomposite Suspension polymerization Thermal stability
This investigation was supported by Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University, People’s Republic of China.
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