Thermal decomposition kinetics, flammability, and mechanical property study of wood polymer nanocomposite
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Melamine formaldehyde-furfuryl alcohol copolymer was impregnated into softwood in combination with 1,3-dimethylol-4,5-dihydroxy ethyleneurea, a crosslinking agent, nanoclay, and a renewable polymer, collected as gum from a local plant (Moringa oleifera) under vacuum condition and polymerized by catalyst heat treatment. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the nanocomposites. Transmission electron microscopy showed uniform distribution of nanoclay in the composites. The mechanical properties were improved after the addition of plant polymer. The plant polymer had a marked influence on the flammability and thermal stability of the prepared composites. The apparent activation energy was determined by Ozawa-Flynn-Wall’s and Vyazovkin methods. The activation energy of the composites decreased up to a certain decomposed fraction thereafter it remained constant. Higher the plant polymer content higher was the activation energy of the prepared composites which indicated a better interfacial adhesion and thermal stability.
KeywordsNanocomposites Plant polymer Flammability Thermal stability Activation energy
University grant commission (UGC) is acknowledged for financial support in the form of institutional fellowship to one of the authors (AH).
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