The shapes of critical loci of binary fluid mixtures on the p–T plane
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The relations between the shapes of the critical loci of binary fluid mixtures and the positions of the critical points of their component fluids on the p–T plane were considered theoretically. The consideration was carried out for vapor–liquid phase equilibria in the model systems without liquid–liquid equilibria. We focused only the relations between the shapes and the tangent of the straight lines connecting the critical points of the component fluids on the p–T plane, and so the effects of the distance between the critical points were out of the scope of this work. The changes in the shapes of the critical loci were classified logically into three patterns. Literature survey has shown that the two patterns exist in the experimental results for several types of mixtures. The shapes of the critical loci of the binary fluid mixtures on the p–T plane are closely related to the relative positions between the critical points of their component fluids.
KeywordsSupercritical fluid Critical point Binary mixture Critical locus Phase diagram
This work was partly supported by the fund for Agriomics project from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.
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