TG–FTIR analysis of oxidation kinetics of some solid fuels under oxy-fuel conditions
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A possible technology that can contribute reduction of carbon dioxide emission is oxy-fuel combustion of fossil fuels enabling to increase CO2 concentration in the exhaust gas by carrying out the combustion process with oxygen and replacing air nitrogen with recycling combustion products to obtain a capture-ready CO2 stream. The laboratory studies and pilot-scale experiments discussed during the last years have indicated that oxy-fuel combustion is a favorable option in retrofitting conventional coal firing. Estonian oil shale (OS) with its specific properties has never been studied as a fuel in oxy-fuel combustion, so, the aim of the present research was to compare thermo-oxidation of OS and some coal samples under air and oxy-fuel combustion conditions by means of thermal analysis methods. Experiments were carried out in Ar/O2 and CO2/O2 atmospheres with two oil shale and two coal samples under dynamic heating conditions. FTIR analysis was applied to characterize evolved gases and emission dynamics. Kinetic parameters of oxidation were calculated using a model-free kinetic analysis approach based on differential iso-conversional methods. Comparison of the oxidation characteristics of the samples was given in both atmospheres and it was shown that the oxidation process proceeds under oxy-fuel conditions by all studied fuels with lower activation energies, however, it can last longer as the same temperatures are compared.
KeywordsKinetics Oil shale Oxy-fuel combustion TG–DTA
The research was partly financed by Estonian Ministry of Education and Research (target financing SF0140082s08) and by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund (Projects No. 3.2.0501.10-0002 and 3.2.0501.11-0024).
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