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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 114, Issue 1, pp 245–251 | Cite as

Modified surface chemistry of activated carbons

Correlation with immersion enthalpy
  • Paola Rodríguez-Estupiñán
  • Liliana Giraldo
  • Juan C. Moreno-Piraján
Article

Abstract

In this study, immersion calorimetry was used to characterise different samples of commercial granular activated carbon (GAC) which undergo oxidation with HNO3 (GACOxN) and thermal treatments to modify its superficial group contents, as well as to determine the textural characteristics of the materials through nitrogen adsorption at 77 K and its superficial chemistry by Boehm titration and zero point of charge. Correlations between the immersion enthalpies and the results of the other techniques of characterisation were established. The immersion enthalpies in dichloromethane obtained were greater, which were found to be between −88.36 and −155.6 J g−1, in contrast to those in carbon tetrachloride, which were found to be between −50.21 and −94.29 J g−1. The dependence of the immersion enthalpies in water on the contents of total acidity and basicity surface groups was also established, and a good correlation between the accessible surface area determined by calorimetric technique and the BET area was found.

Keywords

Immersion calorimetry Immersion enthalpy Activated carbon 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Master Agreement established between the University of the Andes and the University National of Colombia, and the Memorandum of Understanding established by the Departments of Chemistry from both the universities. The authors express their thanks to Research Vice-Rectory of University National of Colombia for the financial support.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paola Rodríguez-Estupiñán
    • 1
  • Liliana Giraldo
    • 1
  • Juan C. Moreno-Piraján
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento Química, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotá DCColombia
  2. 2.Departamento Química, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de los AndesBogotá DCColombia

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