Understanding of thermal/thermo-oxidative degradation kinetics of polythiophene nanoparticles
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The polythiophene nanoparticles (nano-PT) were prepared with average diameter of 20–35 nm. The nanostructurals of polythiophene were confirmed by TEM and SEM analyzes. The kinetics of the thermal degradation and thermal oxidative degradation of nano-PT were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis. Kissinger method, Flynn–Wall–Ozawa method, and advanced isoconversional method have been used to determine the activation energies of nano-PT degradation. The results showed that the thermal stability of nano-PT in pure N2 is higher than that in air atmosphere. The analyzes of the solid-state processes mechanism of nano-PT by Criado et al. method showed: the thermal degradation process of nano-PT goes to a mechanism involving second-order (F 2 mechanism); otherwise, the thermo-oxidative degradation process of nano-PT is corresponding to a phase boundary controlled reaction mechanism (R 2 mechanism).
KeywordsPolythiophene Nanoparticles Thermal degradation Solid-state mechanism Master curves
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