Thermolysis behavior of flame-retardant copolyamide 66 (FR-PA66) in the presence of triaryl phosphine oxide (TPO) has been studied using different techniques such as differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. The results indicate that TPO extends the thermolysis time of FR-PA66, and improves the thermolysis temperature. A three-stage mechanism for the decomposition of FR-PA66 has been proposed in this article. In the first stage, cleavage of P–C bond takes place in FR-PA66, while in the second stage, cleavage of polyamide chain occurs mainly. In the third stage, formation of cyclic compounds proceeds along with the formation of carbonized protective layer on the degraded polymer.
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The study has been supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi (Grant No. 2010021022-3), and the Scientific Research Foundation of the Higher Education Institutions of Shanxi Province, China (Grant No. 2010115).
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