Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 110, Issue 2, pp 961–971 | Cite as

Exergy analysis and experimental study of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle

A technical note


This article presents a detailed experimental analysis of 2TR (ton of refrigeration) vapor compression refrigeration cycle for different percentage of refrigerant charge using exergy analysis. An experimental setup has been developed and evaluated on different operating conditions using a test rig having R22 as working fluid. The coefficient of performance, exergy destruction, and exergetic efficiency for variable quantity of refrigerant has been calculated. The present investigation has been done by using 2TR window air conditioner and the results indicate that the losses in the compressor are more pronounced, while the losses in the condenser are less pronounced as compared to other components, i.e., evaporator and expansion device. The total exergy destruction is highest when the system is 100% charged, whereas it is found to be least when the system is 25% charged.


Vapor compression system Exergy analysis COP Exergy efficiency Irreversibility Exergy destruction 

List of symbols


Ton of refrigeration


British thermal units


Coefficient of performance


Refrigerating effect (W)


Compressor work (W)


Exergy destruction in evaporator (W)


Exergy destruction in compressor (W)


Exergy destruction in condenser (W)


Exergy destruction in expansion device (W)


Total exergy destruction (W)


Exergy (W)


Mass flow rate (kg/s)


Entropy (kJ kg−1 K−1)


Enthalpy (kJ kg−1)


Reference temperature (°C)


Evaporator temperature (°C)


Carnot coefficient of performance


Discharge pressure (kg/cm²)


Suction pressure (kg/cm²)

Cond. In

Condenser inlet temperature (°C)

Evap. Inlet

Evaporator inlet temperature (°C)


Exergy efficiency



The necessary facilities provided by SMVD University, Katra (J&K) are highly appreciated. One of the authors (SA) also expresses thanks to Mr. Raman Kumar, workshop operator and Mr. Pardeep Kumar, technician for their help in modifying the existing air conditioning unit.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Infrastructure Technology & Resource ManagementShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia
  2. 2.Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable EnergyKapurthalaIndia

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