Thermal behavior of blends based on a thermoplastic-modified epoxy resin with a crosslinking density variation
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The thermal behavior of blends based on a polystyrene (PS) and several epoxy-amine systems where amino groups were provided by a monoamine (MA) and a diamine (DA) mixed in different proportions was investigated. This way, the crosslinking density of epoxy-amine polymer was controlled and continuously changed from a linear polymer (epoxy-MA) to a highly crosslinked polymer (epoxy-DA). The effect of the MA–DA proportion and PS modifier on the thermal stability, glass transition, and polymerization reaction was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. The MA–DA ratio and modifier proportion did not affect the reaction heat but affected the reactivity. The thermal stability and glass transition temperature increased by increasing the DA proportion in the blend as a result of the higher degree of crosslinking. A study of miscibility of blends based on glass transitions was performed. The thermoplastic-modified materials generally showed two glass transitions with values close to the those of the pure materials, indicating that the mixtures were separated into phases.
KeywordsThermoplastic/thermoset blends Thermal stability Glass transition temperature Polymerization reaction Miscibility
The financial support of the Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (CICYT MAT2007-61677) is gratefully acknowledged.
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