Glasses with compositions 60B2O3–40PbO, 60B2O3–40Bi2O3, and 60B2O3–30Bi2O3–10PbO have been prepared and studied by differential thermal analysis. The crystallization kinetics of the glasses was investigated under non-isothermal conditions. From dependence of the glass transition temperature (T g) on the heating rate, the activation energy for the glass transition was derived. Similarly the activation energy of the crystallization process was determined. Thermal stability of these glasses were achieved in terms of the characteristic temperatures, such as the glass transition temperature, T g, the onset temperature of crystallization, T in , the temperature corresponding to the maximum crystallization rate, T p, beside the kinetic parameters, K(T g) and K(T p). The results revealed that the 60B2O3–40PbO is more stable than the others. The crystallization mechanism is characterized for glasses. The phases at which the glass crystallizes after the thermal process have been identified by X-ray diffraction.
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The authors thank Sabic Company through the Deanship of Scientific Research at Qassim University for financial support under contract no. SR-S-009-07.
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Shaaban, E.R., Mohamed, S.H. Thermal stability and crystallization kinetics of Pb and Bi borate-based glasses. J Therm Anal Calorim 107, 617–624 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-011-1400-5
- Borate-based glasses
- Thermal stability
- Crystallization kinetics
- XRD analysis