Thermal analysis of CsH2PO4 nanoparticles using surfactants CTAB and F-68
A study concerned to thermogravimetric analysis is performed in cesium dihydrogen phosphate (CsH2PO4) that was synthesized, using cetyltrimethylammonium-bromide (CTAB), polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene (F-68) and mixture of (F-68:CTAB) with two mole ratio 0.06 and 0.12 as surfactant. The dehydration behavior of particles was studied using thermal gravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetric. Subsequently, the experimental results indicated that the first dehydration temperature in the range of 237–239 °C upon heating, the second peaks occur at temperature range 290–295 °C and overlapping in the thermogravimetric events is observed. The mass loss values are obtained in the range of 6.62–6.97 wt% that is less than reported theoretical value 7.8 wt%. These values show well compatibility of reaction CsH2PO4 to Cs2H2P2O7 with 3.92 wt% whereas mass loss value of CsH2PO4 to CsPO3 is less than theoretical value 7.8 wt%. The activation energy of two steps dehydration are calculated using Kissinger equation for the samples synthesized via CTAB and (F-68) with minimum value mass loss 6.62% and maximum value mass loss 6.97%, respectively. The calculation results reveal that the reaction rate in the first step (CsH2PO4 → Cs2H2P2O7) is faster than the second step (CsH2PO4 → CsPO3). The weight loss values of the samples demonstrate that existence of CTAB can be considered as effective factor which prevents more weight loss during the dehydration process.
KeywordsCsH2PO4 Dehydration Nanoparticle Surfactants
The authors appreciate the financial support of the IRPA-02-02-02-0006 PR0023/11-08. This work was conducted at the Institute of Fuel Cell University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.
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