Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 99, Issue 2, pp 523–530 | Cite as

Characterization and thermal analysis of thiourea and bismuth trichloride complex

  • Shao Rong Luan
  • Yi Hua Zhu
  • Yu Qing Jia
  • Qing Cao


A complex of thiourea and bismuth trichloride has been synthesized. Its composition is Bi3Cl9[SC(NH2)2]7. Crystallographic data are a = 7.141(2) Å, b = 8.820(3) Å, c = 16.365(5) Å, α = 99.389(4)°, β = 95.422(4)°, γ = 106.177(4)°, triclinic system. There are the mononuclear anion [BiCl5SC(NH2)2]2− and the dinuclear cation {Bi2Cl4[SC(NH2)2]6}2+ with the Bi–Cl–Bi bridge bonds in the complex. The electric conductance of the absolute methanol solution contained the complex indicates that the complex is an ionic compound. Raman spectra indicate that the bismuth ion is coordinated by the sulfur atoms of the thiourea. The thermal analysis verifies the structure of complex. The TG–MASS curves show the structure rearrangement in the complex at about 118 °C. The DSC curves and calculation means that the structure rearrangement is irreversible.


Ionic compounds Bismuth(III) chloride Thiourea Crystal structure Raman spectroscopy Thermal analysis TG–DTA–MS DSC 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20676038), the Key Project of Science and Technology for Ministry of Education (107045) and the Shanghai Leading Academic Discipline Project (Project Number: B502) for financial supports.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center of Analysis and Test, School of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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