Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 829–832 | Cite as

Investigation of synthesis and microstructure of bismuth titanates with TiO2 rich compositions

  • Teresa Zaremba


Preliminary examinations regarding formation of bismuth titanates in a part of Bi2O3—TiO2 system rich with TiO2 have been carried out. Bismuth titanates have been synthesized from mixtures of Bi2O3 and TiO2 (anatase) by the conventional solid-state method at the temperatures ranged from 1273 to 1473 K. Differential thermal analysis (DTA), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) have been used to study the formation of bismuth titanates. The following compounds have been achieved: Bi4Ti3O12, Bi2Ti2O7 and Bi2Ti4O11. Existence of controversial bismuth titanate of formula Bi2Ti3O9 in the Bi2O3—TiO2 system has not been confirmed.


bismuth titanates DTA microstructure SEM synthesis XRD 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Inorganic TechnologySilesian University of TechnologyGliwicePoland

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