Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

, Volume 91, Issue 3, pp 697–701 | Cite as

Influence of carbon black on thermal properties and flammability of cross-linked elastomers

  • Grażyna Janowska
  • P. Rybiński


The paper presents the results of testing thermal properties and combustibility of butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber vulcanizates with different contents of bounded acrylonitrile: Perbunan NT 1845 and Perbunan NT 3945 from Bayer. The rubbers were cross-linked by means of dicumyl peroxide. Four types of carbon black with different specific surfaces were used as fillers. The test results were obtained with the use the derivatograph, DSC-204 of Netzsch, measurements of flammability by the method of oxygen index and in air.

The results of measurements have shown that the thermal stability and flammability of the vulcanizates under investigation are affected by the activity of solid phase and the degree of surface development as well as the flexibility of polymeric chain and the degree of its unsaturation. A clear relationship has been found between the thermal properties and flammability of the cross-linked butadiene-acrylonitrile rubbers.


carbon black elastomers fillers flammability nitrile rubbers oxygen index thermal analysis thermal stability thermal transitions 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    D. J. Burlett, J. Therm. Anal. Cal., 75 (2004) 531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Sen and M. Copuroğlu, J. Therm. Anal. Cal., 86 (2006) 223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. B. Donnet and E. Custodero, C.R. Ac. Sci., 314 (1992) 579.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. B. Donnet and E. Custodero, Carbon, 30 (1992) 813.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    A. K. Sircar, Rubber Chem. Technol., 46 (1977) 640.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Kleps, D. Jaroszyńska and M. Piaskewicz, J. Thermal Anal., 36 (1990) 1213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Janowska and L. Ślusarski, J. Thermal Anal., 37 (1991) 713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Janowska, Scientific Bulletin of Technical University of Łódź, Nr. 801, Łódź 1998.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Chruściel, G. Janowska, P. Rybiński and L. Ślusarski, J. Therm. Anal. Cal., 84 (2006) 339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Janowska and P. Rybiński, J. Therm. Anal. Cal., 87 (2007) 511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. W. Brazier and G. H. Nickiel, Rubber Chem. Technol., 48 (1975) 661.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. W. Brazier and N. V. Schwartz, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 22 (1978) 113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry, Institute of Polymer and Dye TechnologyTechnical University of ŁódźŁódźPoland

Personalised recommendations