Examination of polyolefins-organic compounds interactions by inverse gas chromatography
The investigations of interactions between polyolefins and test solutes at temperatures 58–122°C were carried out in the work. The test solutes were intentionally selected as representatives of the most important groups of compounds occurring in technological oils, which may be used as additives in conditions of industrial decomposition of polyolefins in Poland. For this purpose both the Flory-Huggins theory and inverse gas chromatography (IGC) were used. On the basis of retention data the values of both interaction and solubility parameters of analyzed polymers were determined. Solubility parameter δ and interaction parameter χ are related to some heat quantities e.g. excess free energy of mixing. It was observed influence of molecular mass and existence of chain branches on the values of the parameters. The obtained values allowed determination of influence of composition change of typical technological oils on their interactions with polymers and, at the same time, on course of charge preparation in these processes.
KeywordsFlory-Huggins interaction parameter oils polyolefins solubility parameter
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