Simultaneous volume and enthalpy relaxation
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The ratio between the relaxed enthalpy and volume (so-called aging modulus, Ka) was expressed in frame of the Tool-Narayanaswamy-Moynihan theory. The common case where various experimental arrangements are used for measuring these quantities was analyzed. It was found that relatively small differences between the conditions of enthalpy and volume relaxation experiments may cause a significant shift of observed Ka value. The sensitivity of Ka modulus to the difference between the enthalpy and volume relaxation conditions is significantly higher in the case of organic polymeric glasses in comparison with silicate and chalcogenide glasses. The reason for such grouping resides in higher values of glass transition temperature and lower values of activation enthalpy of inorganic glasses.
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