Thermogravimetric analysis of organoclays intercalated with the surfactant octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide
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High resolution thermogravimetric analysis has been used to study the thermal decomposition of montmorillonite modified with octadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. Thermal decomposition occurs in 4 steps.The first step of mass loss is observed from ambient to 100°C temperature range and is attributed to dehydration of adsorbed water. The second step of mass loss occurs between 87.9 to 135.5°C temperature range and is also attributed to dehydration of water hydrating metal cations such as Na+. The third mass loss occurs between 179.0 and 384.5°C; it is assigned to the loss of surfactant. The fourth step is ascribed to the loss of OH units due to dehydroxylation of the montmorillonite and takes place between 556.0 and 636.3°C temperature range. These TG steps are related to the arrangement of the surfactant molecules intercalating the montmorillonite. Changes in the basal spacing of the clay with surfactant are followed by X-ray diffraction. Thermal analysis provides an indication of the stability of the organo-clay.
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