Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 86, Issue 1, pp 170–174 | Cite as

Ferroelectric BiFeO3 nanodots formed in non-crystallized BiFeO3 thin-films via a local heating process using a heated atomic force microscope tip

  • Hyun Wook Shin
  • Jong Yeog Son
Original Paper: Sol-gel and hybrid materials for dielectric, electronic, magnetic and ferroelectric applications


A BiFeO3 thin-film was prepared from a solution by deposition on a Pt/TiO2/SiO2/Si substrate via a spin coating process and was subsequently annealed at 300 °C for 1 h to afford a non-crystallized BiFeO3 thin-film. Locally crystallized BiFeO3 nanodots were formed in the non-crystallized BiFeO3 thin-film via a local crystallization process using an atomic force microscope tip heated to 550 °C. By controlling the local heating time, ferroelectric BiFeO3 nanodots with different diameters ranging from 65 to 120 nm were obtained. The ferroelectric properties of the BiFeO3 nanodots were further investigated by studying the local ferroelectric switching behaviors and local piezoelectric d33 hysteresis loops using a piezoresponse force microscope.


BiFeO3 nanodots Local heating process Local crystallization process Atomic force microscopy Piezoresponse force microscopy Sol–gel BiFeO3 



This work was supported by the Korea Research Foundation Grant under contract no. 2015R1A2A2A05027951.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics, College of Applied Science and Institute of Natural ScienceKyung Hee UniversitySuwonKorea

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