Enhanced lithium electrochemical performance and optical properties of CeO2–SnO2 nanocomposite thin films by transition metal (TM: Ni, Mn, and Co) doping
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Undoped and transition metal (TM: Ni, Mn, Co)-doped CeO2–SnO2 nanocomposite thin films were prepared by sol-gel dip coating (SGDC) technique. The grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) patterns indicated that CeO2–SnO2 film has a cubic structure of CeO2 and the crystallinity deteriorated with incorporation of dopant. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed that the surface morphology of the films was affected by TM incorporation. The surface roughness and fractal dimensions of CeO2–SnO2 films increased with doping. The average transmittance of CeO2–SnO2 thin film is found nearly 80% in the visible region and increased with doping. The absorption edge revealed a blue shift toward shorter wavelengths after incorporation of TM ions. The compositional dependence of optical parameters such as refractive index, extinction coefficient, and optical conductivity were also investigated. Cyclic voltammetry measurements showed that ion storage capacity was decreased significantly with increasing scan rate. The undoped and doped CeO2–SnO2 films showed good reversible cycle of intercalation/deintercalation of Li+ ions. The ion storage capacity and electrochemical stability were enhanced with transition metal doping. The Mn-doped CeO2–SnO2 composite thin film had better ion storage capacity rather than other samples due to its special porous morphology. The Li diffusion toward electrode surface was described in terms of self-similar fractal dimension. A quenching in blue-green photoluminescence (PL) intensity of CeO2–SnO2 films was occurred by transition metal doping.
KeywordsThin films CeO2–SnO2:TM optical parameters electrochemical properties
We would like to acknowledge the University of Guilan Research Council for the support of this work.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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