Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 81, Issue 2, pp 362–366 | Cite as

Sol–gel synthesis of nanostructure LiFeBO3/C lithium-ion cathode materials with high storage capacity

Brief Communication: Industrial and technological applications of sol-gel and hybrid materials

Abstract

Nanostructure LiFeBO3/C composite is synthesized by sol–gel method using CH3COOLi·2H2O, Fe(NO3)3·9H2O, H3BO3 and citric acid as starting materials. The crystal structure, morphology and electrochemical properties of LiFeBO3/C composites are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, raman spectroscopy (Raman), cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and charge–discharge tests. The LiFeBO3/C is comprised of individual near spherical particles of the size range 40–60 nm, and well coated by thin carbon layer. The LiFeBO3/C can deliver an initial discharge capacity of 205.8 mAh g−1 under the current density of 10 mA g−1 in the potential range 1.8–4.5 V, and it can deliver the capacity of 159.3 mAh g−1 after 20 cycles. When the current density is increased to 20 and 40 mA g−1, the capacity of LiFeBO3/C could also be retained at 120.6 and 102.6 mAh g−1. The excellent cycling performance indicates, the materials have good application prospect.

Graphical Abstract

Open image in new window The morphology and size of the sol-gel synthetic LiFeBO3 materials are characterizedby TEM were shown in the Figure. It can illustrate that the LiFeBO3/C consists of individual near spherical particles of the size range 40∼60 nm. With further investigate by HR-TEM that LiFeBO3/C showed clear crystal lattice stripes and a uniform carbon film is coated on the particle surface.

Keywords

Sol-gel Nanostructure Cathode materials High capacity LiFeBO3 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21661030).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringXinjiang Normal UniversityUrumqiChina
  2. 2.The State-owned Assets Management OfficeXinjiang UniversityUrumqiChina

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