Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 73, Issue 1, pp 215–219 | Cite as

Insertion study of alkali metal cations into layered vanadium oxide foam

  • Gujjarahalli Thimmanna Chandrappa
  • Gangaiah Vijayakumar
  • Jacques Livage
Original Paper


The reaction of inorganic ions (Li+, Na+, and K+) with the lamellar material of composition (V2O5)(C16H33NH2)1.3 under reflux conditions in alcohol-water mixed medium results in the rapid and quantitative displacement of the surfactant to form inorganic ions intercalated vanadium oxides. The products were characterized by employing powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). FTIR and thermal studies showed the displacement of surfactants by inorganic ions during ion-exchange process. The XRD peaks observed at lower and wider 2θ angles reflect the interlayer separation and crystallinity of the host vanadium oxide framework.


Intercalation Vanadium oxide foam Alkali metal ion Ion-exchange 



The authors are indebted to Bangalore University and Indo-French Center for the Promotion of Advanced Research for the support to carry out this research work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gujjarahalli Thimmanna Chandrappa
    • 1
  • Gangaiah Vijayakumar
    • 1
  • Jacques Livage
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryBangalore UniversityBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Collège de FranceParisFrance

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