RETRACTED ARTICLE: Sol–gel synthesized high anisotropy magnetic nanoparticles of NiCr x Fe2−x O4
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The nanoparticles of NiCr x Fe2−x O4 were synthesized through sol–gel reactions involving nitrates of Ni, Cr and Fe in an aqueous medium containing citric acid. The cubic spinel structure in single phase with nanometric crystallite size of ~5 nm, the spherical morphology and magnetic relaxations were examined through XRD, TEM and Mössbauer techniques. The abnormal occurrence of finite remanance (M r ) and coercivity (H c ) resulted in the room temperature dc magnetization measurements for the small particles authenticate the ferrimagnetic regime, as proposed by the room temperature Mössbauer results of the samples, with a proximate superparamagnetic regime still at lower particle volumes. This could be attributed to the antiferromagnetic spin interactions of chromium ions at octahedral sites and subsequently the over-occupancy of the rest of the cations at tetrahedral sites. In justification to this, the magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant, K, is estimated to have value relatively high of the order of 107 erg/cm3 at room temperature for all studied concentrations.
KeywordsNanostructures Sol–gel growth Debye–Scherrer powder method Mössbauer spectroscopy
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