Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 65, Issue 2, pp 189–194 | Cite as

Synthesis of ultrafine MgFe2O4 nanofibers via electrospining using sol–gel precursor

  • J. Chandradass
  • Hern Kim
  • Francis W. Y. Momade
Original Paper


In the present study, MgFe2O4 nanofibers with smaller diameter have been successfully fabricated via electrospinning utilizing sol–gel precursor. The single phase of spinel ferrite was obtained at 700 °C. Different PVP concentrations were used and the results show that PVP concentration had played important role in the formation, uniformity, homogeneity and particularly in the reduction of nanofibers diameter. The average diameter of the nanofibers prepared with PVP concentration (6.3, 7.6, and 8.9 wt%) and calcined at 700 °C were 70 ± 7.6, 86 ± 11 and 113 ± 13 nm respectively.


Electrospinning Nanofiber MgFe2O4 Sintering Electron microscopy 



This research work was supported by International Research & Development Program (2011-0030906) and by Priority Research Centers Program (2012-0006693) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Republic of Korea.


  1. 1.
    Ichiyanagi Y, Kubota M, Moritake S, Kanazawa Y, Yamada T, Uehashi T (2007) J Magn Magn Mater 310:2378–2380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hirazawa H, Aona H, Naohara T, Maehara T, Sato M, Watanabe Y (2011) J Magn Magn Mater 323:675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mukherjee K, Bharti DC, Majumder SB (2010) Sens Actuators B 146:91–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Patil JY, Khandelkar MS, Mulla IS, Suryavanshi SS (2012) Cur Appl Phys 12:319–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Darshane S, Mulla IS (2010) Mater Chem Phys 119:319–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hankare PP, Jadhav SD, Sankpal UB, Patil RP, Sasikala R, Mulla IS (2009) J Alloys Compd 488:270–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sivakumar N, Gnanakan SRP, Karthikeyan K, Amaresh S, Yoon WS, Park GJ, Lee YS (2011) J Alloys Compd 509:7038–7041CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chandradass J, Jadhav AH, Kim KH, Kim H (2012) J Alloys Compd 517:164–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chandradass J, Jadhav AH, Kim H (2012) Appl Surf Sci 258:3315–3320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sasaki T, Ohara S, Naka T, Vejpravova J, Sechovsky V, Umetsu M, Takami S, Jeyadevan B, Adschiri T (2010) J Supercrit Fluids 53:92–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kotnala RK, Shah J, Mathpal MC, Verma KC, Singh S (2011) Lovkush Thin Solid Films 519:6135–6139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Xiang X, Fan G, Fan J, Li F (2010) J Alloys Compd 499:30–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ramaseshan R, Sundarrajan S, Jose R (2007) J Appl Phys 102:111101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ju YW, Park JH, Jung HR, Cho SJ, Lee WJ (2008) Mater Sci Eng B 147:7–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ponhan W, Maensiri S (2009) Solid State Sci 11:479–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zhou JG, Zhang ZC, Zheng HL (2012) J Phys Chem Solids 73:73–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ju YW, Park JH, Jung HR, Cho SJ, Lee WJ (2008) Compos Sci Technol 68:1704–1709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Maensiri S, Sangmanee M, Wiengmoon A (2009) Nanoscale Res Lett 4:221–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Siddheswaran R, Sankar R, Babu MR, Rathnakumar M, Jayavel R, Murugakoothan P, Kumar PS (2006) Cryst Res Technol 41:446–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Fu YS, Du XW, Sergai A, Liu J (2007) J Am Chem Soc 129:16029–16033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sun Y, Li JY, Tan Y, Zhang L (2009) J Alloys Compd 471:400–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Leng J, Li S, Wang Z, Xue Y, Xu D (2010) Mater Lett 64:1912–1914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wu J, Lin H, Li JB, Zhan XB, Li JF (2009) Mater Lett 63:2309–2312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Guenthner AJ, Khombhongse S, Liu W, Dayal P, Reneker DH, Kyu T (2006) Macromol Theory Simul 15:87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Li D, Xia Y (2003) Nano Lett 3:555–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Chandradass
    • 1
  • Hern Kim
    • 2
  • Francis W. Y. Momade
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for NanotechnologyPRIST UniversityTrichy campusIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Engineering and Energy, Energy and Environment Fusion Technology CenterMyongji UniversityKyonggi-doRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Materials EngineeringKwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)KumasiGhana

Personalised recommendations