Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 188–194 | Cite as

Mechanical properties of titania nanofiber mats fabricated by electrospinning of sol–gel precursor

  • Soo-Jin Park
  • George G. Chase
  • Kwang-Un Jeong
  • Hak Yong Kim
Original Paper


Flexible mats of titania fibers are prepared by calcination of electrospun polyvinylpyrrolidone fibers containing titanium isopropoxide precursor. Structural investigation of the calcinated nanofibers by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron diffraction (ED) combined with the morphologies by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) show the titania fibers, with an average diameter of 180 nm, were comprised of anatase and rutile crystals. The mechanical, chemical and thermal properties of the titania fiber mats are further investigated by the techniques of Instron mechanical tester, thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The titania fiber mat prepared in this method exhibited a significant flexibility with 461 MPa Young’s modulus.


Titania Nanofibers Electrospinning Flexibility 



This work was supported by Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (Center for Healthcare Technology and Development, and KRF-2007-331-D00119) and Woongjin Chemical Company. We thank Mr. J.G. Kang for University Research Facility for taking high-quality TEM images.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Healthcare Technology & Development and Department of Organic Materials and Fiber EngineeringChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuSouth Korea
  2. 2.Polymer Fusion Research Center and Department of Polymer-Nano Science and TechnologyChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Departments of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringThe University of AkronAkronUSA

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