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Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 216–228 | Cite as

Ag nanoparticles deposited onto silica, titania, and zirconia mesoporous films synthesized by sol–gel template method

  • G. V. Krylova
  • Yu. I. Gnatyuk
  • N. P. Smirnova
  • A. M. Eremenko
  • V. M. Gun’ko
Special Edition: Celebrating the 60th Anniversary of Professor David Avnir

Abstract

A variety of Ag nanoparticles/oxide mesoporous films with templated silica, titania, and zirconia was synthesized by sol–gel method at glass, aluminum, and silicon substrates using metal alkoxides (tetraethoxysilane, titanium tetraisopropoxide, and zirconium tetrapropoxide) and AgNO3 as precursors of oxide films and Ag nanoparticles, respectively, and Pluronic P123 as a template agent. Oxide films alone and Ag/oxide composites were characterized using hexane adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman and ultraviolet (UV)/vis spectroscopies, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) methods. The distribution of Ag nanoparticles within the films, their sizes, intensity, and position of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) absorbance band at λ = 400 nm, as well as the textural and structural characteristics of whole films depend on treatment temperature, types of substrates and oxide matrices, oxide crystallization, and Ag content. Ag nanoparticles form preferably on the outer surface of the films under lower sintering temperatures if the amount of loaded silver is low. Oxide crystallization (e.g., TiO2) promotes silver embedding into the outer film layer. At higher silver content (≥10 at.%) and higher calcination temperature (873 K), silver nanoparticles could be entrapped more uniformly along the film profile because of more intensive evaporation of silver droplets from the outer surface of the films on heating.

Keywords

Silica thin film Titania film Zirconia film Ag nanoparticles Structural characteristics Optical properties 

Notes

Acknowledgment

VMG is grateful to the STCU (grant no. 4481) for financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. V. Krylova
    • 1
  • Yu. I. Gnatyuk
    • 1
  • N. P. Smirnova
    • 1
  • A. M. Eremenko
    • 1
  • V. M. Gun’ko
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Surface ChemistryKievUkraine

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