Sol–gel preparation and properties of hydroxypropylcellulose–titania hybrid thin films
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Hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC)–titania hybrid thin films were prepared by sol–gel method where titanium tetraisopropoxide Ti(OC3H 7 i )4 was hydrolyzed under acidic conditions in the presence of HPC, followed by dip-coating and drying at 120 °C for 24 h. The viscosity average molecular weight of HPC was 55,000–70,000 or 110,000–150,000, and the TiO2/(HPC + TiO2) mass ratio ranged from 0 to 1, which was calculated on the assumption that all Ti(OC3H 7 i )4 is converted into TiO2. The films were 0.35–1.0 μm thick, transparent in visible region and opaque in ultraviolet (UV) region, where the optical absorption coefficient in UV region increased with increasing titania content. The refractive index increased with increasing titania content, ranging from 1.6 to 1.8 for the hybrid thin films. The pencil hardness increased from 6B to 5H, the durability in hot water significantly increased and the contact angle of water on films increased from 35° to 89° with increasing titania content. Crack-free films could be deposited on organic polymer substrates irrespective of titania or HPC contents, where cracking did not occur at higher HPC contents even when the substrate was bent.
KeywordsSol–gel process Thin films Coating Hydroxypropylcellulose Titania Organic–inorganic hybrids Hardness Wettability Durability UV absorption
This work is financially supported by the High Technology Research Center of Kansai University.
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