Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology

, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 133–138 | Cite as

Effect of Synthesis Parameters on Sol–Gel Silica Modified by Zirconia

  • R. G. Rodríguez Avendaño
  • J. A. de los Reyes
  • J. A. Montoya
  • T. Viveros


An experimental strategy was developed to obtain mesoporous SiO2-ZrO2 mixed oxides via a sol–gel process, which involved the use of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and an inorganic Zr-containing salt. The effects of key process parameters on the properties of the materials were investigated, including the choice of Zr(IV) source (zirconium oxychloride or nitrate), the ZrO2 content and the synthesis pressure (i.e. ambient pressure or hydrothermal conditions). The resulting solids were dried, calcined at 500 °C, and characterized by nitrogen physisorption, pyridine chemisorption, 29Si Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and X-ray diffraction. The data revealed that mesoporous materials with very narrow pore diameter distribution were obtained when using the autoclave procedure from both zirconium nitrate and oxychloride salts. The surface areas and pore size distributions were a function of ZrO2 content. Differences in acidity, as determined by pyridine adsorption, were observed depending on the synthesis parameters.


modified silica zirconia X-ray powder diffraction BET surface measurements 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Rodríguez Avendaño
    • 1
  • J. A. de los Reyes
    • 1
  • J. A. Montoya
    • 3
  • T. Viveros
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Universidad A. Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, Departamento de Ingeniería de ProcesosArea de IngenieriaQuímica
  2. 2.Universidad AutónomaMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Mexicano del PetróleoPrograma de Simulación Molecular México

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