Spatial distribution and risk assessment of naturally occurring uranium along with correlational study from Buldhana district of Maharashtra, India


The current study of the spatial distribution of uranium and water quality parameters along subsequent radiological impact due to uranium in the groundwater from the Buldhana district was undertaken. The chemo-radio toxicological dose owing to such dissolved uranium is estimated. The water quality parameters are compared with the World Health Organization and Bureau of Indian Standard's safe recommended limits and found well below. A correlation study was carried out between uranium and water quality parameters. Spatial distribution is mapped by GIS-based software. The chemo-radio toxicological risks due to uranium for different age groups were calculated. This finding in the study suggests that groundwater of the region is safe for drinking purposes based on a chemo-radiological point of view.

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Potential of hydrogen


Total dissolved solids


Electrical conductivity


Dissolved oxygen


Oxidation reduction potential


Total hardness


World health organization


Bureau of Indian Standards


Geographic information system


Land use land cover


Digital elevation model


United States Environmental Protection Agency


Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid


Atomic Energy Regulatory Board


United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation


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All authors are humbly thankful to the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai for providing financial support in the form of the major research project. Also, the authors thank to research colleagues, laboratory staff of the department of environmental science, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad, and the residents of the district for their collaboration during sample collections.


Funding was provided by the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (Grant No. 36(4)14/30/2015-BRNS 10031) in the form major research project sanctioned to Dr. N. N. Bandela, Professor at Department of environmental science, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, Aurangabad.

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Kale, A., Bandela, N. & Kulkarni, J. Spatial distribution and risk assessment of naturally occurring uranium along with correlational study from Buldhana district of Maharashtra, India. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 327, 771–787 (2021).

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  • Uranium
  • Groundwater quality
  • Radiotoxicity
  • Chemical toxicity
  • Annual effective dose
  • Spatial distribution pattern