Impacts of TENORM from fertilizers on soil and vegetables and the effective dose rate due to ingestion of vegetables at the agricultural zone in Vietnam

Abstract

In this work, the impacts of TENORM (Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) from fertilizers on soil and vegetables were estimated. We investigated both the activity concentration of the natural radionuclides and the annual effective dose rate due to the ingestion of vegetables in the crops using fertilizers at the agricultural zone of Hoc Mon, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The results show that there have not yet been signs of radioactive residues from using conventional fertilizers in agricultural land after a crop at the surveyed area and time. The radiological impact of surveyed vegetables was negligible to the public health.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

References

  1. 1.

    Khater AEM, Higgy RH, Pimpl M (2001) Radiological impacts of natural radioactivity in Abu-Taror phosphate deposits. Egypt J Environ Radioact 55:255–267

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Loan TTH, Ba VN, Dao NQ, Anh NN, Man MT, Thy THN, Hong HTY, Thang NV, Hoang TM (2018) Estimation of soil characteristics based on the depth distributions of 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 40K activity concentrations using laboratory HPGe gamma spectrometry. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 318:1931–1938

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Bolca M, Saç MM, Çokuysal B, Karalı T, Ekdal E (2007) Radioactivity in soils and various foodstuffs from the Gediz River Basin of Turkey. Radiat Meas 42:263–270

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Al-Kharouf SJ, Al-Hamarneh IF, Dababneh M (2008) Natural radioactivity, dose assessment and uranium uptake by agricultural crops at Khan Al-Zabeeb, Jordan. J Environ Radioact 99:1192–1199

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Asaduzzaman Kh, Khandaker MU, Amin YM, Bradley DA, Mahat RH, Nor RM (2014) Soil-to-root vegetable transfer factors for 226Ra, 232Th, 40K and 88Y in Malaysia. J Environ Radioact 135:120–127

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Al-Hamarneh IF, Alkhomashi N, Almasoud FI (2016) Study on the radioactivity and soil-to-plant transfer factor of 226Ra, 234U and 238U radionuclides in irrigated farms from the northwestern Saudi Arabia. J Environ Radioact 160:1–7

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Greger M (2004) Uptake of nuclides by plants (SKB-TR-04-14) Sweden

  8. 8.

    Karunakara N, Rao C, Ujwal P, Yashodhara I, Kumara S, Ravi PM (2013) Soil to rice transfer factors for 226Ra, 228Ra, 210Pb, 40K and 137Cs: a study on rice grown in India. J Environ Radioact 118:80–92

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Canberra Industries, Inc. (2004) Genie 2000 version 3.0—Customization tools manual. Canberra Industries, Inc., USA

  10. 10.

    Ortec Industries, Inc. (2012) Angle 3.2 software of semiconductor detector efficiency calculation, Ortec Industries Inc., USA

  11. 11.

    Vidmar T (2010) True coincidence summing corrections CCCC, a deterministic code. Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    ISO (2007), International Standard ISO 18589-3, ISO

  13. 13.

    UNCEAR (2000) Sources and effects of ionizing radiation, volume I, dose assessment methodologies, United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, Report to the general assembly, with scientific annexes, United Nations, New York

  14. 14.

    Saueia CHR, Mazzilli BP (2006) Distribution of natural radionuclides in the production and use of phosphate fertilizers in Brazil. J Environ Radioact 89:229–239

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    UNSCEAR (2017) Sources, effects and risks of ionizing radiation, UNSCEAR 2016. Report to the general assemply with scientific annexes. United Nations, New York

  16. 16.

    ICRP (2012) Compendium of dose coefficients based on ICRP Publication 60. ICRP Publication 119. Annals of ICRP 41 (Suppl. 1). International Commission on Radiological Protection, Elsevier Ltd., Oxford

  17. 17.

    Ministry of Health, National Institute of Nutrition (2010) General nutrition survey 2009–2010, UNICEF, Medical Publishing House

  18. 18.

    Loan TTH, Ba VN, Bang NVT, Thy THN, Hong HTY, Huy NQ (2018) Natural radioactivity and radiological health hazard assessment of chemical fertilizers in Vietnam. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 316(1):111–117

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    IAEA (2013) Radiation protection and mamagement of NORM residues in the phosphate industry. Safety reports series No. 78, IAEA, Vienna

  20. 20.

    Menzel RG (1965) Soil- plant relationships of radioactive elements. Health Phys 11:1325–1332

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Verkhovskaya IN et al (1969) The content and translocation of natural radioactive elements in the system ‘soil-plants-animals’ under natural and experimental conditions. In: Radioecology (Proceedings of International Symposium), Départment de protection sanitaire, CEA, Centre d’études nucléaires de Fontenay-aux-Roses, pp 781–832

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work is funded by The National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under grant number 103.04-2019.10. This research is done at the Nuclear Technique Laboratory (NTLab), VNUHCM-University of Science, which was invested by Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Truong Thi Hong Loan.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Loan, T.T.H., Ba, V.N., Dan, D.T.T. et al. Impacts of TENORM from fertilizers on soil and vegetables and the effective dose rate due to ingestion of vegetables at the agricultural zone in Vietnam. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 327, 609–616 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-020-07547-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Annual effective dose rate
  • Fertilizer
  • HPGe
  • Radioactivity
  • Soil
  • TENORM
  • Vegetable