Comparisons of soil pretreatment methods for SF-ICP-MS determination of ultra-trace level plutonium in water soluble and exchangeable fractions

  • Youyi Ni
  • Jian Zheng
  • Qiuju Guo
  • Hai Wang
  • Keiko Tagami
  • Shigeo Uchida


In this study, we developed a method to evaluate the potentially bioavailable fraction of Pu in agricultural soils by determining their water soluble and exchangeable fractions. Three commonly used pretreatment methods were compared for their ability and performances to process the extracted solutions. Results showed that these three methods were able to obtain consistent Pu concentration results; however, based on the experimental performance factors, we considered that wet-ashing followed by Fe(OH)3 co-precipitation was the best pretreatment method, with which high 242Pu recoveries for the overall process were realized for the water soluble fraction (69.8%) and the exchangeable fraction (70.6%).


Pu Bioavailability Fe(OH)3 co-precipitation Wet-ashing Total digestion 



This work was partially supported by the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan, and the Grant of Fukushima Prefecture Related to Research and Development in Radiological Sciences. Youyi Ni thanks the China Scholarship Council for offering a scholarship (201606010056) to support his Ph.D. study.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of PhysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal TeamNational Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and TechnologyChibaJapan
  3. 3.Fukushima Project HeadquartersNational Institute of Radiological Sciences, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and TechnologyChibaJapan
  4. 4.School of Nuclear Science and TechnologyUniversity of South ChinaHengyangChina

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