Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 314, Issue 2, pp 1257–1265 | Cite as

Cesium and americium extraction from carbonate-alkaline media with O-substituted p-alkylcalix[8]arenes

  • Igor V. Smirnov
  • Ekaterina S. Stepanova
  • Natalya M. Ivenskaya
  • Maria D. Karavan
  • Salavat R. Zaripov
  • Sofiya R. Kleshnina
  • Svetlana E. Solovieva
  • Igor S. Antipin
Article
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

137Cs and 241Am extraction with perchloroethylene solutions of O-substituted p-alkylcalix[8]arenes (alkyl: tert-butyl, iso-nonyl) from carbonate-alkaline media is studied. Dependence of distribution ratios on pH values of the aqueous phase in the range 11–13.9 and on the nature of functional groups in the calixarene platform is confirmed. Composition of cesium and americium solvates with calix[8]arenes is determined. Tert-butylcalix[8]arene with oxybis(ethane-1,2-diyl) bridging group possesses superior efficiency towards cesium in alkaline media. The most efficient extractants for americium are “mixed” iso-nonyl-tert-butylcalix[8]arenes with ethane-1,2-diyl and oxybis(ethane-1,2-diyl) bridging groups.

Keywords

Extraction 137Cs 241Am Alkaline medium O-substituted calix[8]arenes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Project No. 15-13-20017).

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor V. Smirnov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ekaterina S. Stepanova
    • 1
    • 2
  • Natalya M. Ivenskaya
    • 2
  • Maria D. Karavan
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Salavat R. Zaripov
    • 4
  • Sofiya R. Kleshnina
    • 5
  • Svetlana E. Solovieva
    • 4
    • 5
  • Igor S. Antipin
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Khlopin Radium InstituteSaint-PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Ozersk Institute of TechnologyOzerskRussia
  3. 3.Saint-Petersburg State UniversitySaint-PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Kazan (Volga Region) Federal UniversityKazanRussia
  5. 5.A. E. Arbuzov Institute of Organic and Physical Chemistry, Kazan Scientific CenterRussian Academy of SciencesKazanRussia

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