Simultaneous quantification of Zr, Cr and Cu in copper alloy matrix using charged particle activation analysis
- 83 Downloads
The charged particle activation analysis (CPAA) technique has been applied for quantitative estimation of Zr, Cr and Cu simultaneously in copper alloy. An ion beam of 13 MeV proton was found to be suitable to use (p,n) nuclear reaction channel in CPAA. The optimization of irradiation conditions were performed to apply instrumental approach by minimizing the production of matrix activity. The results of CPAA have been compared with those obtained by using instrumental neutron activation analysis and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence techniques. Analysis of variance test indicated the statistical parity of the results obtained in the above mentioned three methods.
KeywordsZirconium Copper CPAA Proton beam ANOVA
We are pleased to acknowledge the support of RT K-130 cyclotron staff, VECC in performing the irradiations. We are also acknowledging the support and encouragement from Dr. P. D. Naik, Associate Director, Chemistry Group, and Head, Analytical Chemistry Division, BARC. We thank Dr. K. K. Swain, ACD, BARC, for guiding us though out the work.
- 8.Banerjee S, Banerjee MK (2016) Nuclear applications: zirconium alloys, in reference module in materials science and materials engineering. Elsevier, 2016, Current as of 5 December 2016. ISBN 9780128035818, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.02576-5
- 9.Krishnan R, Asundi M (1981) Zirconium alloys in nuclear technology. Proc Indian Acad Sci 4:41–56Google Scholar
- 20.Kataoka Y (1989) Standardless X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (fundamental parameter method using sensitivity library). Rigaku J 6(1):33–40Google Scholar
- 21.Goldstein SJ, Sivils LD (2002) A non destructive X-ray fluorescence method for analysis of metal alloy wire samples, JCPDS-International Centre for Diffraction Data 2002. Adv X-Ray Anal 45:458–462Google Scholar
- 23.Hokkaido University Nuclear Reaction Data Centre (JCPRG). http://www.jcprg.org/exfor/. Accessed 14 Jan 2017
- 25.Pritychenko B, Sonzogni A (2016) Brookhaven National Laboratory, National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC), Q-value Calculator (QCalc). http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/qcalc. Accessed 10 Jan 2017
- 29.Ziegler JF, Ziegler MD, Biersack JP (2008) The stopping and range of ions in matter, SRIM—Version 2008.04 (2008) www.SRIM.org. Accessed 27 Apr 2017
- 30.Firestone RB, Shirley VS (eds) (1999) Table of isotopes, 8th edn. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 36.https://www.astm.org/Standards/E29.htm Accessed Mar 2017
- 37.Skoog DA, West D, Holler FJ, Crouch SR (2014) Fundamentals of analytical chemistry, 9th edn. Brooks Cole, CorvallisGoogle Scholar
- 38.http://homepages.wmich.edu/~hillenbr/619/AnovaTable.pdf. Accessed 8 Feb 2017