Gross alpha and beta exposure assessment due to intake of drinking water in Guilan, Iran
- 88 Downloads
In this study, the activity concentration of the gross α and β in drinking water samples collected from 28 different locations in the North Guilan province in Iran was measured. For this purpose, the proportional scintillator system was used. We found out that the obtained values of gross α and β activity concentration levels in all samples do not exceed the WHO recommended levels 500 mBq L−1 for gross α and 1000 mBq L−1 for gross β. Also, the excess lifetime cancer risk probability due to the consumption of drinking water ranges between 3.21 × 10−5 and 3.07 × 10−4 with a mean value of 1.44 × 10−4.
KeywordsActivity concentration Drinking water Cancer risk Gross α and β
The authors would like to thank the lab personnel of the National Geoscience database of Iran (NGDI).
- 1.WHO (2008) Guidelines for drinking-water quality, incorporating 1st and 2nd addenda, vol 1. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
- 5.WHO (2011) Guidelines for drinking-water quality, fourth edition, WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data, ISBN 978 92 4 154815 1, World Health OrganizationGoogle Scholar
- 12.Saleh MA, Ramli AT, Bin Hamzah K, Alajerami Y, Mhareb MHA, Aliyu AS, Hanifah NZHBA (2015) Natural environmental radioactivity and the corresponding health risk in Johor Bahru District, Johor, Malaysia. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 303(3):1753–1761Google Scholar
- 15.Tettey-Larbi L, Darko EO, Schandorf C, Appiah AA, Sam F, Faanu A, Okoh DK, Lawluvi H, Agyeman BK, Kansaana C, Amoah PA (2013) Gross alpha and beta activity and annual committed effective doses due to natural radionuclides in some medicinal plants commonly used in Ghana. Int J Sci Technol 3(4):217–229Google Scholar
- 16.EPA-520/1-88-020 (1988) Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (USA). Office of Radiation Programs; Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)Google Scholar
- 17.EPA EMSL (1980) Method 900.0: Gross Alpha and Gross Beta Radioactivity in Drinking Water. Prescribed procedures for measurement of radioactivity in drinking water, EPA/600/4/80/032Google Scholar
- 19.Eckerman KF, Wolbarst AB, Richardson AC (1988) Limiting values of radionuclide intake and air concentration and dose conversion factors for inhalation, submersion, and ingestion: Federal guidance report No. 11Google Scholar
- 20.ICRP (1991) Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60. Annals of the ICRP 21 (1–3)Google Scholar
- 21.Abbasi A, Bashiry V (2016) Measurement of radium-226 concentration and dose calculation of drinking water samples in Guilan province of Iran. Int J Radiat Res 14(4):361–366Google Scholar
- 27.Pintilie V, Ene A, Georgescu LP, Moraru L, Iticescu C (2016) Measurements of gross alpha and beta activity in drinking water from Galati region, Romania. Romanian Rep Phys 68(3):1208–1220Google Scholar
- 36.Villeneuve PJ, Mao Y (1993) Lifetime probability of developing lung cancer, by smoking status, Canada. Can J Public Health 85(6):385–388Google Scholar