Degradation of Triton X-100 surfactant/lipid regulator systems by ionizing radiation in water
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The radiolytic degradation of Triton X-100 surfactant was investigated at concentrations below and above the critical micelle concentration (CMC, ~ 0.23 mmol dm−3) in air saturated aqueous solutions. At low concentrations the degradation took place both on the aromatic head and on the polyethoxylates chain, while above CMC it was shifted towards the chain. The CMC was higher in irradiated solutions at 10 Gy by a factor of 2, at 20 kGy by a factor of 3 than in the un-irradiated solution. The degradation of clofibric acid in the presence of TX-100 was more effective outside the micelles than inside them.
KeywordsCritical micelle concentration Triton X-100 Surfactant Radiolytic degradation Solubilisation Clofibric acid Gemfibrozil Bezafibrate
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