Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 314, Issue 2, pp 1383–1392 | Cite as

Rapid sequential separation method for 210Po and actinides in air filter samples

Article
  • 164 Downloads

Abstract

This paper reports an analytical method for rapid sequential separation of 210Po and actinides (Pu, Am and U) in air filter samples. An extraction chromatographic column TEVA + TRU was used in the separation of 210Po and actinides from the filter matrix, followed by its determination using alpha spectrometry. TEVA resin is widely used in the separation of plutonium and neptunium from the environmental samples, in this work potential application of TEVA in the sequential separation of 210Po and plutonium from filter matrix has been evaluated. This new method is simple, robust and can be performed formed in a day.

Keywords

Sequential separation Polonium Actinides Air filter TEVA TRU 

References

  1. 1.
    Nho EY, Le Cloarec MF, Ardouin B, Tjetjep WS (1996) Source strength assessment of volcanic trace elements emitted from the Indonesian arc. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 74:121–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Su C-C, Huh C-A (2002) Atmospheric 210Po anomaly as a precursor of volcanoeruptions. Geophy Res Lett 29:1070Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    UNSCEAR (1988) United Nations scientific committee on the effects of atomic radiation. Sources effects and risk of ionizing radiation. United Nation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jacobi W (1963) Die Natürliche Radioaktivität der Atmospäre (in german). Biophysik 1:175–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Myrick TE, Berven BA, Haywood FF (1983) Determination of concentrations of selected radionuclides in surface soil in the United-States. Health Phys 45:631–642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Persson BRR, Holm E (2011) Polonium-210 and lead-210 in the terrestrial environment: a historical review. J Environ Radioact 102:420–429CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ansoborlo E, Berard P, Den Auwer C, Leggett R, Menetrier F, Younes A, Montavon G, Moisy P (2012) Review of chemical and radiotoxicological properties of polonium for internal contamination purposes. Chem Res Toxicol 25:1551–1564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Henricsson F, Ranebo Y, Holm E, Roos P (2011) Aspects on the analysis of 210Po. J Environ Radioact 102:415–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    International Atomic Energy Agency (2006) Report on the second ALMERA coordination meeting and the ALMERA soil sampling inter-comparison exercise-IAEA/SIE/01, IAEA/AL/164, p 36Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Matthews KM, Kim CK, Martin P (2007) Determination of 210Po in environmental materials: a review of analytical methodology. Appl Radiat Isot 65:267–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guérin N, Dai X (2013) Rapid preparation of polonium counting sources for alpha spectrometry using copper sulfide micro-precipitation. Anal Chem 85:6524–6529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sethy NK, Sutar AK, Rath P, Jha VN, Ravi PM, Tripathi RM (2015) A review of radio chemical analysis and estimation of 210Po in soil matrices. J Radiat Res Appl Sci 8:590–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sadi BB, Chen J, Kochermin V, Tung G, Chiorean S (2016) A faster sample preparation method for determination of polonium-210 in fish. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 308:843–850CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Maxwell SL, Culligan BK, Hutchison JB, UtseyRC McAlister DR (2013) Rapid determination of 210Po in water samples. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 298:1977–1989CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Johansson LY (2008) Determination of Pb-210 and Po-210 in aqueous environmental samples, Ph.D. ThesisGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sill C (1974) Purification of radioactive tracers for use in high sensitivity alpha spectrometry. Anal Chem 46:1426–1431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Vajda N, La Rosa J, Zeisler R, Danesi P, Kis-Benedek GY (1997) A novel technique for the simultaneous determination of 210Pb and 210Po using a crown ether. J Environ Radioact 37:355–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Horwitz EP, Dietz ML, Nelson DM, LaRosa JJ, Fairman WD (1990) Anal Chim Acta 238:263–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Currie LA (1968) Limits for qualitative and quantitative determination. Anal Chem 40:586–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Carlsbad Environmental Monitoring & Research CenterCarlsbadUSA

Personalised recommendations