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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 314, Issue 2, pp 897–905 | Cite as

Removal of pertechnetate from aqueous solution using activated pyrolytic rubber char

  • Lj. Matović
  • A. Đukić
  • M. Omerašević
  • K. Kumrić
  • O. Rosskopfová
  • A. Hamárová
  • P. Rajec
Article

Abstract

Low-cost adsorbents, synthesized by pyrolysis of waste rubber (CR) and activated with KOH (CRA), have shown the high removal ability of \({}^{{99{\text{m}}}}{\text{TcO}}_{4}^{ - }\) from aqueous solutions in wide range of pHs (2–10) with fast adsorption rate. The Langmuir and Freundlich models suggests monolayer and multilayer adsorption of \({}^{{99{\text{m}}}}{\text{TcO}}_{4}^{ - }\) onto CR and CRA surface, respectively. The removal mechanism of \({}^{{99{\text{m}}}}{\text{TcO}}_{4}^{ - }\) from solution occurs by replacement with OH from surface groups (phenolic and/or accompanying carboxylic) of CR and CRA indicating anion exchange mechanism.

Keywords

\({}^{{99{\text{m}}}}{\text{TcO}}_{4}^{ - }\) Adsorption Waste rubber Pyrolysis Carbon-based material 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This investigation was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia (Project No. 451-03-545/2015-09/06) and Slovak Research and Development Agency (Contract No. SK-SRB-2013-0048) with financial contribution for stays of the scientists from Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences (Serbia) and Comenius University (Slovakia). Also, the part of this scientific mission was financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia through the projects No. III 45 012.

Supplementary material

10967_2017_5442_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16.9 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17298 kb)

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lj. Matović
    • 1
  • A. Đukić
    • 1
  • M. Omerašević
    • 1
  • K. Kumrić
    • 2
  • O. Rosskopfová
    • 3
  • A. Hamárová
    • 3
  • P. Rajec
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory of Materials Sciences, Vinča Institute of Nuclear SciencesUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Physics, Vinča Institute of Nuclear SciencesUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius University in BratislavaBratislavaSlovakia

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