Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 314, Issue 2, pp 789–795 | Cite as

Determination of 90Sr in urine samples and 89Sr/90Sr in water samples by chemical separation and Cherenkov counting with LSC system



In order to determine radiostrontium with a satisfactory chemical yield, calculated by an external standard, and a low level of MDC a radioanalytical method has been optimized, for environmental and biological samples. Samples were mineralized and extracted by chromatography with prepackaged columns for Cherenkov effect measurement, via daughter radionuclide 90Y, generated by 90Sr. When also 89Sr is present, 90Y is eluted by the same column to subtract its contribution to total Cherenkov counts and determine separately 89Sr and 90Sr (via 90Y) activity. By a fitting experimental data with an exponential equation the eventual presence of other β-emitter radionuclides was ascertained.


Radiostrontium Biological and environmental samples Cherenkov effect Experimental data fit 


  1. 1.
    Vajda N, Kim C-K (2010) Determination of radiostrontium isotopes: a review of analytical methodology. Appl Radiat Isot 68:2306–2326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    National Nuclear Data Center database NuDat 2.6.
  3. 3.
    Poncy J-L, Fritsch P, Masse R (1997) Radiotoxicology. C R Soc Biol 191:765–775Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Budnitz RJ (1974) Strontium-90 and Strontium-89: a review of measurement techniques in environmental media. University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leggett RW (1992) A generic age-specific biokinetic model for calcium-like elements. Radiat Prot Dosim 41:183–198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    ICRP Publication 67 (1994) Age-dependent doses to members of the public from intake of radionuclides: Part 2—Ingestion dose coefficients. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tsroya S, German U, Pelled O, Katorza E, Alfassi ZB (2013) Determination of 90Sr–90Y activity in urine samples by using Cherenkov counting. Appl Radiat Isot 73:12–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L’Annunziata MF (1998) Handbook of radioactivity analysis. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Boroughs H, Townsley SJ, Ego W (2003) The accumulation of Y90 from an equilibrium mixture of Sr90-Y90 by Artemia salina (L.). Limnol Oceanogr 3:413–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thibodeau GA, Patton KT (2003) Anatomy & physiology. Mosby, St. LouisGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Horwitz EP, Chiarizia P, Dietz ML (1992) A novel strontium-selective extraction chromatographic resin. Solv Extr Ion Exch 10:313–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Currie LA (1968) Limits for qualitative detection and quantitative determination. Application to radiochemistry. Anal Chem 40:586–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    ICRP Publication 111 (2009) Applications of the Commission’ s recommendations of the protection of people living in long-term contaminated areas after a nuclear accident or a radiation emergency. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    World Health Organization (2004) Guidelines for drinking-water quality, vol 1, 3rd edn. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Integrated Laboratory of Radioactivity Measurement and MonitoringENEA - Radiation Protection InstituteSaluggiaItaly

Personalised recommendations