Synthesis of ZrO2 nanoparticles for liquid scintillators used in the detection of neutrinoless double beta decay
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We synthesized liquid scintillators incorporating ZrO2 nanoparticles for application in neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. ZrO2 nanoparticles of less than 10 nm in size were synthesized with sub- and supercritical hydrothermal methods. The Zr concentrations in the liquid scintillators were determined to be up to 1.4 wt% with inductively coupled plasma analysis, and the liquid scintillators were transparent to scintillation. These results indicate that these methods are applicable for the preparation of liquid scintillators for neutrinoless double beta decay experiments.
KeywordsLiquid scintillator Neutrinoless double beta decay Nanoparticles ZrO2 Supercritical hydrothermal synthesis
This work was supported by the Sumitomo Foundation.
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