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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 314, Issue 2, pp 545–553 | Cite as

Primary activity standardization of 134Cs

  • Karsten Kossert
  • Justyna Marganiec-Gałązka
  • Ole J. Nähle
Article

Abstract

Cesium-134 has been measured by means of a new coincidence counting system which is equipped with a liquid scintillation detector to count β particles and a NaI crystal to detect γ-rays which are emitted simultaneously. In order to validate this new technique, additional measurements were carried out with an established 4πβγ-coincidence counting system with a proportional counter in the β channel. The coincidence counting experiments were complemented with measurements in further liquid scintillation counters with two and three photomultiplier tubes. The counting efficiencies for these systems were determined using CIEMAT/NIST efficiency tracing and the triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) method, respectively.

Keywords

134Cs Activity standardization Coincidence counting Triple-to-double coincidence ratio method CIEMAT/NIST efficiency tracing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank S. Hennig for sample preparation.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB)BraunschweigGermany

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