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Sorption separation of cobalt and cadmium by straw-derived biochar: a radiometric study

  • Martin Pipíška
  • Barbora Micháleková Richveisová
  • Vladimír Frišták
  • Miroslav Horník
  • Lucia Remenárová
  • Richard Stiller
  • Gerhard Soja
Article

Abstract

Biochar prepared from Triticum aestivum straw (SB) was used to investigate the sorption separation of Cd2+ and Co2+ ions in single and binary systems. The maximum adsorption capacity of SB was higher for Cd2+ ions and the process was strongly pH dependent. Adsorption data in the binary system Cd2+–Co2+ were well described by the extended Langmuir model and the values of affinity parameter b indicate a higher affinity of SB to Cd2+ in comparison with Co2+ ions. The mechanisms for the removal of Cd and Co by biochar were evidenced by the different instrumental analyses as well as by chemical speciation modeling. Elemental mapping of SB revealed spatial distributions of cobalt and cadmium on biochar surfaces. The role of functional groups in metal sorption was confirmed by FTIR. Results demonstrate that SB is a promising heavy metal-immobilizing agent for contaminated soils or water.

Keywords

Straw biochar 60Co 109Cd Adsorption Binary system Mechanism 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by a project of the Operational Program Research and Development and cofinanced by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) with the Grant Number ITMS 26220220191.

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Pipíška
    • 1
    • 2
  • Barbora Micháleková Richveisová
    • 1
  • Vladimír Frišták
    • 3
  • Miroslav Horník
    • 1
  • Lucia Remenárová
    • 1
  • Richard Stiller
    • 1
  • Gerhard Soja
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Ecochemistry and Radioecology, Faculty of Natural SciencesUniversity of SS. Cyril and Methodius in TrnavaTrnavaSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryTrnava University in TrnavaTrnavaSlovak Republic
  3. 3.Energy DepartmentAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbHTulln an der DonauAustria

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