Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 310, Issue 3, pp 1335–1344 | Cite as

Synthesis of novel functional hydrothermal carbon spheres for removal of uranium from aqueous solution

  • Zhong-jun Lai
  • Zhi-bin Zhang
  • Xiao-hong Cao
  • Ying Dai
  • Rong Hua
  • Zhang-gao Le
  • Min-biao Luo
  • Yun-hai Liu


A novel chelate sorbent (bis-3,4-dihydroxybenzy)p-phenylen diamine-grafted hydrothermal carbon spheres (HCS-BDBPD) had been successfully synthesized through chemical grafting method. FT-IR and SEM were used to analyze the chemical and microscopy structure of HCS-BDBPD. The batch experiments were carried out to study uranium adsorption properties of HCSs-BDBPD aimed at confirming the optimum condition for removal uranium from waste. The result showed that the sorption process was spontaneous and endothermic in nature and the maximum uranium sorption capacity of 272 mg/g was obtained under the conditions tested, the selectivity of HCSs toward uranium was improved after grafting BDBPD groups on the surface of HCSs.


Uranium Adsorption Hydrothermal carbon spheres 



This work was financially supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2014CB460604), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21301028, 11475044, 41461070, 21561002), the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (Grant No. IRT13054), the Science & Technology Support Program of Jiangxi Province (Grant No. 20141BBG70001, 20151BBG70010), the Advanced Science & Technology Innovation Team Program of Jiangxi Province (Grant No. 20142BCB24006), and the Innovation Team Program of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Science and Technology (Grant No. 2014BCB24006).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhong-jun Lai
    • 3
  • Zhi-bin Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xiao-hong Cao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ying Dai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Rong Hua
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zhang-gao Le
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Min-biao Luo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yun-hai Liu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Fundamental Science on Radioactive Geology and Exploration Technology LaboratoryEast China Institute of TechnologyNanchangChina
  2. 2.Engineering Research Center of Nuclear Technology Application (East China Institute of Technology)Ministry of EducationNanchangChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Nuclear Resources and EnvironmentEast China Institute of TechnologyNanchangChina

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