Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 311, Issue 2, pp 973–981 | Cite as

Wastewater treatment with ionizing radiation

  • László Wojnárovits
  • Erzsébet Takács


In water treatment by ionizing radiation ·OH is suggested to initiate the degradation of organics. In these reactions mostly carbon centred radicals form. Here we show that other inorganic radicals also highly contribute to the initiation of degradation. Cl and HCO3 in the treated water reacting with ·OH transform to Cl 2 ·− and CO 3 ·− . In their reactions C-centred radicals form, too. The reactions of e aq and H· water radiolysis intermediates may also produce carbon centred radicals. The C-centred radicals react readily with dissolved O2, this is the starting step of the gradual oxidation.


Water purification Advanced oxidation processes Hydroxyl radical Water radiolysis Pollutant degradation 



The authors thank Hungarian Science Foundation (OTKA, NK 105802) and International Atomic Energy Agency (Contract No. 16485) for support.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Energy Security and Environmental Safety Centre for Energy ResearchHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

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