Capabilities of an on-site inspection
The technical capabilities of a 10-person radionuclide team operating mobile labs and portable equipment against a nuclear anomaly that could be a contained underground nuclear explosion is described. Surveys, including flight, car-borne, and backpack, help locate an area for investigation, then in situ survey and sample collections can identify isotopic anomalies in concentration, location, and ratio. Where surface radionuclides are not evident, sub-surface noble gas (Xe and Ar) collection and mobile lab measurements can detect leakage from even well-contained nuclear tests. The authors will discuss the strategies for using these capabilities and the integration of information from other technical subteams in a 4-week exercise.
KeywordsOn site inspection CTBT Radionuclide Integrated field exercise
This work was supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Nonproliferation and National Security (NA-24).
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