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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 307, Issue 2, pp 1419–1427 | Cite as

Purification of LiCl–KCl eutectic waste salt containing rare earth chlorides delivered from the pyrochemical process of used nuclear fuel using a reactive distillation process

  • H. C. Eun
  • J. H. Choi
  • I. H. Cho
  • T. K. Lee
  • T. J. Kim
  • J. S. Shin
  • H. S. Park
  • D. H. Ahn
Article

Abstract

In the pyrochemical process of used nuclear fuel, the purification of waste salts containing radioactive nuclides can greatly contribute to a radioactive waste reduction. For this reason, the purification of LiCl–KCl eutectic salt containing rare earth chlorides was performed using a series of the phosphorylation process and the distillation process. LiCl–KCl eutectic salt recovered from the purification had a very low concentration (<1 ppm) for the rare earth chlorides. The recycling feasibility of the recovered salt was verified through a uranium electro-deposition test using LiCl–KCl eutectic salt as the electrolyte. Based on these results, one body type of reactive distillation equipment with two top covers was designed.

Keywords

Pyrochemical process Purification LiCl–KCl eutectic salt Rare earth chloride One body type of reactive distillation equipment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2012M2A8A5025700).

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. C. Eun
    • 1
  • J. H. Choi
    • 1
  • I. H. Cho
    • 1
  • T. K. Lee
    • 1
  • T. J. Kim
    • 1
  • J. S. Shin
    • 1
  • H. S. Park
    • 1
  • D. H. Ahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Nuclear Fuel Cycle Process Development DivisionKorea Atomic Energy Research InstituteDaejeonRepublic of Korea

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