Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 307, Issue 1, pp 285–295 | Cite as

Assessing hand-held Raman spectrometer FirstDefender RM for nuclear safeguards applications

  • A. Berlizov
  • D. M. L. Ho
  • A. Nicholl
  • T. Fanghänel
  • K. Mayer


The performance and applicability of the hand-held Raman spectrometer FirstDefender RM (Thermo Scientific) to nuclear safeguards field were assessed. More than 100 different uranium ore concentrates, frequently referred to as yellow cake, were measured and wherever applicable library scans were collected. A subset of the samples was then used to test the identification capability of the instrument. The accuracy of identification was shown to be sound for uranyl peroxide, sodium diuranate, ammonium diuranate, uranium trioxide and ammonium uranyl carbonate. The study also demonstrated the instrument’s potential for a quick quantitative determination of the uranium concentration in uranyl nitrate solutions.


Raman spectroscopy Nuclear safeguards Material identification Uranium compounds Yellow cake 



This work was done under Task A 00860 of the European Commission’s Support Programme to the IAEA. The authors would like to thank Nexia Solutions for providing the UOC samples from their Springfield plant. Also the Canadian Support Programme and the Australian Support Programme to the IAEA shall be recognized for providing UOC samples.

Supplementary material

10967_2015_4160_MOESM1_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Berlizov
    • 1
  • D. M. L. Ho
    • 3
  • A. Nicholl
    • 2
  • T. Fanghänel
    • 2
  • K. Mayer
    • 2
  1. 1.International Atomic Energy AgencyVienna International CentreViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institute for Transuranium ElementsJoint Research Centre, European CommissionKarlsruheGermany
  3. 3.DSO National LaboratoriesSingaporeSingapore

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