Cementation of liquid radioactive waste with high content of borate salts
- 99 Downloads
There are physical and chemical methods which allow accelerating the processes of cement compounds setting and hardening for liquid radioactive waste with aqueous solutions of boron with low pH. Boron compounds with low pH are the main components of liquid radioactive waste which prevent fast hardening. In order to control the speed of cement solution hardening and to remove the components that prevent hardening it is proposed to use electromagnetic treatment of liquid radioactive waste in the vortex layer of ferromagnetic particles.
KeywordsLiquid radioactive waste (LRW) Borate salts Cementation Electromagnetic treatment in the vortex layer of ferromagnetic particles (VET) High-silica additives Leaching rate of 137Cs
The authoress express his sincere gratitude to Mrs. Irina Kraeva, Mr. Evgeny Vasilyev, Mr. Vladimir Panushkin, Ph.D. Viktoria Krupskaya for carrying out the primary analyses, to Mr. Mikhail Fedotov for providing samples of iron oxide nanoparticles for the experiments, and to Mrs. Aneliya Vitanova and Mrs. Ella Barinova for the help in translation of the article in English.
- 1.Kozlov PV, Gorbunova OA (2011) Cementation as a method for radioactive waste immobilization. Ozersk, RussiaGoogle Scholar
- 2.Erofeev VT, Mitin EA, Matvievskiy AA, Osipov AK, Emelyanov DV, Yudin PV (2007) Composite materials on the activated water mixing. Build Mater 11:2–3Google Scholar
- 3.Gorbunova OA, Kamaeva TS (2013) High silicious natural materials for radionuclides fixing in cementing of liquid radioactive waste. Radiat saf 3:31–35Google Scholar
- 4.Varlakov AP, Gorbunova OA, Fedorova OV, Barinov AS (2003) Regulated properties study of the final product prepared on the basis of liquid radioactive waste at the NPP WWER on the plant with a vortex mixer. Results of scientific activity SUE SIA “Radon” in 2002, V10-1, pp 62–66Google Scholar
- 5.Gorbunova OA, Kamaeva TS, Vasilyev EV (2011) The use of nanoparticles of iron oxide in cementing of the liquid radioactive waste treated in vortex electromagnetic field. Bull Moscow State Univ Civil Eng 5:208–213Google Scholar
- 6.Gorbunova OA, Kamaeva TS (2013) Physical and chemical methods of controlling the properties of cement compounds with boron-containing liquid radioactive waste. Phys Chem Mater Process 1:69–76Google Scholar