Advertisement

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry

, Volume 302, Issue 3, pp 1201–1211 | Cite as

Anticoincidence counting further improves detection limits of short-lived products by pseudo-cyclic instrumental neutron activation analysis

  • W. Zhang
  • A. Chatt
Article

Abstract

A systematic investigation was carried out on the merits and limitations of anticoincidence counting for short-lived radionuclides (t 1/2 < 75 s) used in instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and pseudo-cyclic INAA (PC-INAA) methods for single as well as simultaneous multielement determinations in botanical and nutritional reference materials. The list of radionuclides of interest included: 108Ag, 110Ag, 165mDy, 20F, 75mGe, 179mHf, 86mRb, 46mSc, 77mSe, and 177mYb. Precision and accuracy of measurements were good, and detection limits were of the order of µg kg−1.

Keywords

Short-lived radionuclides Pseudo-cyclic neutron activation Anticoincidence gamma-ray spectrometry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thankfully acknowledge the cooperation of the Dalhousie University SLOWPOKE-2 Reactor (DUSR) facility for irradiations, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada for Research Operating/Discovery, Major Facilities Access, and Research Network grants to AC, and the Dalhousie University Faculty of Graduate Studies for a stipend to WZ.

References

  1. 1.
    Zeisler R, Becker DA (1987) Trans Am Nucl Soc 55:175–176Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Das HA (1987) J Radioanal Nucl Chem Articles 115:159–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Landsberger S, Swift G, Neuhoff J (1990) Bio Trace Elem Res 26–27:27–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Landsberger S, De Wu (1991) Trans Am Nucl Soc 64:10–17Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Landsberger S (1992) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 161:5–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Beazley PI (1993) MSc Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Beazley PI, Chatt A (1994) Trans Am Nucl Soc 71:28–29Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Landsberger S, Peshev S (1996) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 202:201–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Deibel MA, Landsberger S, Wu D, Ehmann WD (1997) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 217:153–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhang W (1997) PhD Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang WH, Chatt A (1997) Trans Am Nucl Soc 77:11–12Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lin X, Lierse Ch, Wahl W (1997) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 215:169–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zhang WH, Chatt A (1997) Proc Intern Symp Harmonization of Health-Related Environmental Measurements using Nuclear and Isotopic Techniques. IAEA, Vienna, pp 421–433Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang WH, Chatt A (1998) Trans Am Nucl Soc 78:95–96Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bacchi MA, Santos LGC, De Nadai Fernandes E, Bode P, Tagliaferro FS, Franca EJ (2007) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 271:345–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Anderson DL, Cunningham WC (2008) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 276:23–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Anderson DL (2009) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 282:75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sullivan EI (1998) PhD Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang WH, Chatt A (2000) Trans Am Nucl Soc 83:486–487Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Serfor-Armah Y, Nyarko BJB, Holzbecher J, Akaho EHK, Osae EK, Chatt A (2003) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 256:259–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nyarko BJB, Akaho EHK, Fletcher JJ, Zwicker B, Chatt A (2006) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 270:243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Isaac-Olive K, Acharya R, Chatt A (2008) Talanta 77:827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhang W, Chatt A (2009) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 282:139–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Acharya R, Chatt A (2009) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 282:991–996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Menendez-Sanchez W, Zwicker B, Chatt A (2009) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 282:133–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fukushima M, Suzuki H, Saito K, Chatt A (2009) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 282:85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zwicker R, Zwicker BM, Laoharojanaphand S, Chatt A (2011) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 287:211–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Acharya R, Holzbecher J, Chatt A (2012) NIM A 680:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Fukushima M, Chatt A (2012) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 294:471–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Isaac-Olive K, Chatt A (2012) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 294:479–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhang W, Chatt A (2013) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 296:495–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Fukushima M, Chatt A (2013) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 296:563–571Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hevia S, Resnizky S, Chatt A (2013) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 297:383–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zhang W, Chatt A (2014) J Radioanal Nucl Chem 299:1777–1785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tout RE, Chatt A (1980) Anal Chimica Acta 118:341–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Ryan DE, Stuart DC, Chattopadhyay A (1978) Anal Chim Acta 100:87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Holzbecher J, Chatt A, Ryan DE (1985) Can J Spectros 30:67–72Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Anders OU (1969) Nucl Instr and Meth 68:205–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Spyrou NM, Ingle K, Ozek F (1974) In: Vogt JR, Meyer W (eds) Proc 2nd Intern Conf on Nuclear Methods in Environmental Research. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, pp 151–158Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Grass F, Westphal GP (1977) Nucl Instr Meth 140:97–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Chatt A, DeSilva KN, Holzbecher J, Stuart DC, Tout RE, Ryan DE (1981) Can J Chem 59:1660–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    DeSilva KN, Chatt A (1983) J Trace Microprobe Tech 1:307–337Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Chattopadhyay A, DeSilva KN (1979) Trans Am Nucl Soc 32:185–186Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    DeSilva KN (1981) PhD Thesis, Dalhousie University, Halifax, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Currie LA (1968) Anal Chem 40:586–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Nyarko BJB, Akaho EHK, Fletcher JJ, Chatt A (2008) J Appl Rad Isotop 66:1067–1072CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Trace Analysis Research Centre, Department of ChemistryDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Radiation Protection Bureau of Health CanadaOttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations