Measurement of mixing time and holdup of solids in gas–solid fluidized bed using radiotracer technique
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Mixing times and holdup of solids were measured in a gas–solid fluidized bed using radiotracer technique. Sand and air were used as solid and gas phase, respectively in the fluidized bed. Gold-198 labeled sand particles were used as radiotracer for mixing time measurement at different operating conditions and 137Cs sealed source was used for holdup measurement at different axial and radial positions. The experiments were conducted at different operating conditions. The measured mixing times ranged from 1.4 to 21 s at different conditions. It was observed that at a particular bed height, the mixing time initially decreases with increasing gas velocity and tend to become constant at higher gas velocities. However, mixing time increases with increasing bed height. The holdup fraction of solid was found to be more towards the wall compared to the centre of the column. The study provided inputs to improve the existing design, design of a new system and scale-up of the process.
KeywordsFluidized bed Radiotracer Mixing time Holdup Gold-198 Variance
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